Automotive Glasses

I am getting too technical these dayz,picked up this theme while on the way to Mahindra chakan,saw the glass got deformed in the car and the shattered pebbles..did some googling and the results follows.

Laminated Glass

Laminated glass is produced by bonding layers of glass together under pressure and heat with a resin called PVB(Polyvinyl Butyral).This technique is used to create single sheets of glass with multiple layers.The PVB keeps the glass from breaking apart easily and provides high sound insolution.Laminated glass will felx before shattering.They are strong but not as strong as tempered glass.Also laminated glass blocks nearly 99% of ultraviolet light transmission.Usually used as windshiled glass in which the glass is not broken but deform when an impact happens

Laminated glass was invented in 1903 by the French chemist Edouard Benedictus

Toughned/Tempered Glass

These are very strong glasses which behaves like castiron, easily breakable into a number of pieces.These usually leaves the traces in any accident spot ( Hopes u have seen it many times).Comparing the strength these are many times stroger than the laminated glass but brittle in nature.Chemical and thermal processing are done to get these properties.Cost of these glass are less compared to laminated ones owing to the manufacturing process.Mostly these glass finds space in the Window ,tailgate and qtr glasses.

Tramontana- A car for those who love Exclusivity

Tramontana  is an exclusive tailor-made supercar from Tramontana group based in Spain. Tramontana embodies a revolutionary concept that incorporates technical precision, personalized design, and superior craftsmanship. The ultimate vehicle of desire, emotion, and excitement, modelled on the streamlined curves of the Costa Brava's winds...( Tramontana means a cold dry wind that blows south out of the mountains into Italy and the western Mediterranean) a timeless work of art.

It is a combination of a Formula 1 racing car and a fighter jet powered by a V12 engine which produces a throttling of 720 hp. The whole car is made by using the finest materials and in order to achieve an extremely light and stiff car the chassis and the bodywork are completely made of carbon fibre

To concrete the philosophy of ‘Exclusivity’ the production volume is limited to 12 in year. The hood/bonnet logo is made of ‘white gold’ which is again one of its kind. Also Tramontana R is the latest offering from Tramontana Group.



Nikola Tesla

The  connection of all three images is TESLA from the famous man Nikola Tesla who is best known for his contiribution to Alernating  current electrical supply system. First one is the google doodle of Tesla's Electric Coil  appeared on Google 10th July 2009 (10th July is Tesla's birthday).Second image show Tesla model S from Tesla Motors. Third is the Serbian 100 dinar unit Tesla for Magnetic field(5th unit of SI standards named after Tesla for measurement of Magnetic field)

Yogoslavian govt  honoured Tesla with  10000000000 Dinar currency which is now obselete

Kenguru cars

Looking very similar to  Tata Nano this is the  first ever electrically powered vehicle designed especially for wheelchair users will become available in the UK soon. Follwing are the features from the company websites
· Environmentally friendly –Completely Green Car delivering long awaited mobility solution for wheelchair users
· Driven directly from a wheelchair – access is via the rear-opening tailgate and steering is by motorbike style handlebar (joystick option will be available in time) Your own wheelchair is secured within the car by an interlocking device
· The current design allows parking rear end to the pavement for easy access and it is an ideal solution to drivers who only undertake journeys to local shops and services
· Because of its weight the Kenguru is classified as a scooter and therefore only a scooter driver’s licence is required to drive Kenguru

 What if Ferrari make a bike?? Well Ferrari didn’t make one :)
Amir Glinik  an independent designer from Israel  famous for his came up with Ferrari themed bikes

The futuristic V4 machine is powered by half of a Ferrari engine, taken from one of the company's V12 supercars. (Web references says Glinik has cut it from V8 Engine:)The engine features ride-by-wire throttle control and is mated to a mono-block gearbox that support the swing arm. Glinik also armed the bike with height-adjustable suspension via a central hydraulic motor, a tank-mounted touch screen which allows access to the bike's GPS data and diagnostic system, and hand controls based around an F16 fighter jet.

GINA-A Concept Car from BMW

An Amassing Concept Creation from BMW is the brain child of Chris Bangle, who was the design head of BMW. GINA stands for Geometry and functions In N Adaptations. Body of GINA is made of man made fabric skin called Spandex which is known for its elasticity ,flexibility and water resistant and  is durable at varying climatic conditions. As the name stands the vehicle can change its shape to different speeds, the outside conditions and at the drivers will. One interesting feature is the Human Eye like feature in which the Head lamp opens, winkle and close just like a human.

How to shread an Engine Block:::

I Just came across this shredder thought of sharing it :)

Crazy Frog

Did you ever Come across this Creature ??
Can you find some connection between these three pics

Story of ‘Crazy frog’ a famous Caller tone and animation character took inspiration from a two stroke powered car called Trabant from VEB Sachsenring..Crazy Frog, originally known as The Annoying Thing, is a computer-animated character created in 2003 by Erik Wernquist. Marketed by the ringtone provider Jamba! (later known as Jamster!), the animation was originally created to accompany a sound effect produced by Daniel Malmedahl in 1997 while attempting to imitate the sound of a Trabant, the East-German car powered by a two-stroke engine.
In 1997, 17-year-old student Daniel Malmedahl recorded himself impersonating the noises produced by internal combustion engines. He posted this on a website and caught the attention of a Swedish television researcher, who convinced Daniel to perform the sound live on air. After it debuted on television, recordings of his performance began appearing on file sharing networks and various websites under the filename "2TAKTARE.MP3" ("Tvåtaktare" is Swedish for "Two stroker"). The sound was adopted as the sound of a formula one car as early as 2001 in the form of "Deng Deng Form" and later "The Insanity Test" both of which were a static background of a Ferrari Formula One car accompanied by the sound. However the sound was later adopted as that of a motorcycle for its most well known format.

In late 2003, fellow Swede Erik Wernquist encountered the sound effect and, not knowing about the previous incarnations of the sound, was inspired to create the 3D animated character he named "The Annoying Thing" to accompany it.

The animation was a popular attraction at Erik's website, but the sound was credited to "Anonymous". Eventually, word reached Daniel that his impressions had been used in a now well-known animation. He contacted Erik, apparently giving an impromptu performance to confirm his claims. Erik was convinced, and gave credit to Daniel for his creation

Top 10 Automobile Manufactures in the World 2012


Toyota Motor Corporation is a multinational automaker headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan. Toyota is the ninth largest company in the world by revenue. The company was founded by Kiichiro Toyoda in 1937 as a spinoff from his father’s company Toyota Industries to create automobiles. Three years earlier, in 1934, while still a department of Toyota Industries, it created its first product, the Type A engine, and, in 1936, its first passenger car, the Toyota AA. Toyota Motor Corporation group companies are Toyota (including the Scion brand), Lexus, Daihatsu and Hino Motors,[ along with several “non-automotive” companies. TMC is part of the Toyota Group, one of the largest conglomerates in the world.

2. General Motors (USA)

General Motors Company, commonly known as GM, formerly incorporated (until 2009) as General Motors Corporation, is an American multinational automotive corporation headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, and the world’s second largest automaker, by vehicle unit sales. GM employs over 202,000 people and does business in over 157 countries. General Motors produces cars and trucks in 31 countries, and sells and services these vehicles through the following divisions/brands: Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Opel, Vauxhall, and Holden, as well as two joint ventures in China, Shanghai GM and SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile. GM’s OnStar subsidiary provides vehicle safety, security and information services. In 2009, the company emerged from a government backed Chapter 11 reorganization. In 2010, GM made an initial public offering that was one of the world’s top 5 largest IPOs to date. GM returned to profitability in 2011.

3. Volkswagen group (Germany)

Volkswagen is second-largest market is China, where its subsidiary, Volkswagen Group China (VGC), is by far the largest joint venture automaker, selling more than one million vehicles in 2008. The Volkswagen Group constitutes the car brands like Audi AG, Automobili Lamborghini Holding S.p.A., Bentley Motors Ltd., SEAT, Skoda Auto and heavy goods vehicle manufacturer Scania AB. Recently, Porsche united with the Volkswagen Group. It also parents Bugatti Automobiles SAS which produces one of the world’s fastest car ‘Bugatti Veyron‘. The German luxury car company was founded on May 28, 1937 under the leadership of Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler wanted a “people’s car”. Volkswagen literally means ‘people’s car’ in German.

5. Ford (USA)

Ford Motor Company was founded by Henry Ford and incorporated on June 16, 1903. \ It should be noted however that Ford does have a popular range of vans and other non passenger vehicles. In 2007, Ford fell from second to third-ranked car maker for the first time in 56 years, behind only General Motors and Toyota. As of 2008, Ford became the second largest automaker in Europe (only behind Volkswagen), with sales that occasionally exceed those in the United States and large markets in Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom. Ford’s former UK subsidiaries Jaguar and Land Rover were sold to Tata Motors of India in March 2008. In 2010 Ford sold Volvo to Geely Automobile.[2] Ford discontinued the Mercury brand after the 2011 model year. In addition to the Ford and Lincoln brands, Ford owns a small stake in Mazda in Japan and Aston Martin in the UK. The company is controlled by the Ford family, which owns a controlling stake in Ford Motor.

6. Honda (Japan)

One of Japan’s largest carmaker, Honda is also the world’s largest manufacturer of motorcycles and the internal combustion engines. Honda produces more than 14 million internal combustion engines each year. The company was founded by a self-taught engineer SoichiroHonda on 24th September 1948. The first production car from Honda was the S500 sports car. Also, Honda was the first Japanese automobile manufacturer to release a dedicated luxury brand, Acura in 1986.
As of August 2008, Honda surpassed Chrysler as the fourth largest automobile manufacturer in the United States. Honda was the seventh largest automobile manufacturer in the world behind Toyota, General Motors, Volkswagen AG, Hyundai Motor Group, Ford, and Nissan in 2010.

7. PSA Peugeot Citreon (France)

Peugeot Citroen, the producer of both Peugeot and Citroen models, is a French multinational manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles sold under the Peugeot and Citroën marques. Headquartered in the 16th arrondissement of Paris, PSA was the second-largest Europe-based automaker (after Volkswagen Group) and the eighth-largest in the world measured by 2010 unit production. In December 1974 Peugeot S.A. acquired a 38.2% share of Citroën. In May 1976 they increased their stake of the then bankrupt company to 89.95%, thus creating the PSA Group. PSA’s old TU engine family has been replaced by Prince engine which was designed by the joint venture between PSA and BMW.Philippe Varin the present CEO was early CEO of Tata CORUS Group

8. Hyundai-Kia (South Korea)

The Indian subsidiary of Hyundai Kia Automotive Group, the Hyundai Motors India, is the country’s second largest car manufacturer. It became the Hyundai Kia Automotive Group when Hyundai Motor Company purchased 51% of South Korea’s second-largest car company, Kia Motors in 1998. It was founded by Chung Ju-yung in 1947 as a construction firm and Chung was directly in control of the company until his death in 2001.Ulsan Plant of Hyundai is the largest automobile plant in the world making a car in every 13 Seconds

9. Mercedes Benz (Germany)

Mercedes-Benz is a multinational division of the German manufacturer Daimler AG, and the brand is used for automobiles, buses, and trucks. Mercedes-Benz is headquartered in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The name first appeared in 1926 under Daimler-Benz but traces its origins to Daimler’s 1901 Mercedes and to Karl Benz’s 1886 Benz Patent Motorwagen, widely regarded as the first automobile. As part of the Daimler AG company, the Mercedes-Benz Cars division includes Mercedes-Benz, Smart and Maybach car production. Mercedes-AMG became a majority owned division of Mercedes-Benz in 1998. The company was integrated into DaimlerChrysler in 1999, and became Mercedes-Benz AMG beginning on 1 January 1999.

10. Suzuki Motor Corporation (Japan)

Suzuki Motor Corporation is the 10th largest automobile manufacturer in the world by production volume with almost 2.6 million units released during the year 2008. Suzuki has 35 main production facilities in 23 countries and 133 distributors in 192 countries. Suzuki was founded in 1909 as Suzuki Loom Woarks by Michio Suzuki. The company’s first 30 years were focused on the production and development of the complex weaving machines. Later he decided to diversify the products and based on the consumer demand, decided to build compact cars. By 1954, Suzuki was producing 6,000 motorcycles per month and had officially changed its name to Suzuki Motor Co., Ltd.Suzuki Indian plant in Gurgaon is the 3rd Largest Automobile plant in the world.

Penny Test

How do you know when to replace your tyre??
Here is a simple test but you need a penny(Little difficult to find or we need to explore some indian coin )
 This technique involves placing of penny inside your tyre groove with Abraham lincoln face visible to you as shown in this pic(select the most wornout portion of the tyre).If Abraham lincoln head is covered by your tyre groove then you are driving with a safe tyre else technically speaking you need to replace the tyre.Because as per standards you need to keep at least 1/16 of an inch as your tyre groove depth and the space b/w the edge of the penny to Abraham lincoln head is exactly the same

So if you have a Penny with you,you can Drive safe but you need to find one.

There is one more method which is found on new tyres as shown

They are called 'Tyre wear bars' which are placed in between the grooves of tyres.So if  your wear bars started Wearing its time to replace your tyres.But unfortunately it is still not available India. I wonder when we replace our tyres, ever we thought of such a test!! :)

Anatomy of a Car

Any time thought of car as a human body..??
Well i went through a analogy of both..and found some intesting facts..just jotting some of those..
No big simlarities but deep dive analysis on both was quite interesting.
A human body is one of the complex system having a structure. A car is made of BIW (Body in White) which forms the basic structure  similar to skelton to a human body

 Human heart is a part usually coined with guts of Man in many literature  as we see an automobile Engine takes Bip-Bip pulse.Various parts added to the body of a car can be considered as flesh and marrow..Human body reacts to various  reflex acts through the nervous system a similar way the Harness forms an integral part for communication  system in the automobile. Eyes of human  and headlamps of a car resembles in its physical appearance and similarity in operation.

If eat food we utilise it run  our body and fuel is used in a similar way.Exhaust system resembles ...I leave it your imagination..Well though there are similarities one part make both distinctive the ‘Brain’which is unique for a human body which is the reason for thoughts, imotions and the response of a Human being.Modern Automobiles are getting into the similar style..which is matched by various ECU’s. Movies like Transformers and Cars has tried their best to get into a  'human/oid' character I belive days are not far  Cars without drivers taking full control of your journey linked with GPS system conquring the Trasporting horizons..

Some Good Images from showing the Anatomy of an automobile
Anatomy of an automobile - Visual Dictionary - Copyright © 2005-2011 - All rights reserved. Anatomy of an automobile
Anatomy of an automobile - Visual Dictionary - Copyright © 2005-2011 - All rights reserved.
Some other Analogy which i came across
Kidney can be compared to Catalytic Converter
Paint =skin in human body
Digestive system= Combustion Chamber.